HELLO LOVELIES! So this is something VERY brand new to me and a bit over-whelming . A couple of weeks ago my oldest daughter who is 7 now was diagnosis with ADHD. I have to admit-I don’t know a lot about it and i really thought it was something made up.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
Inattention means a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.
Hyperactivity means a person seems to move about constantly, including in situations in which it is not appropriate; or excessively fidgets, taps, or talks. In adults, it may be extreme restlessness or wearing others out with constant activity.
Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them and that may have high potential for harm; or a desire for immediate rewards or inability to delay gratification. An impulsive person may be socially intrusive and excessively interrupt others or make important decisions without considering the long-term consequences.
Signs and Symptoms
Inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity are the key behaviors of ADHD. Some people with ADHD only have problems with one of the behaviors, while others have both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. Most children have the combined type of ADHD.
In preschool, the most common ADHD symptom is hyperactivity.
It is normal to have some inattention, unfocused motor activity and impulsivity, but for people with ADHD, these behaviors:
- are more severe
- occur more often
- interfere with or reduce the quality of how they functions socially, at school, or in a job
What Causes ADHD
development, and volume in various brain structures in those with ADHD (McCarthy et al, 2013; Metin et al, 2014; Uddin et al, 2008 & 2009; Zametkin, 1990).
Zametkin and colleagues published the first neuroimaging study of adults with ADHD in 1990. This study used PET scans to study brain metabolism in adults with ADHD as compared to a non-ADHD sample. The study found that adults with ADHD had brain scans showing significantly reduced activity throughout the brain, especially within two areas of the brain responsible for motor activity and attention capacity (the premotor cortex and prefrontal cortex). Several studies have also shown differences in the volume, gray and white matter, and activity levels within structures such as the prefrontal cortex, caudate nucleus, ventral tegmental area, substantia nigra, cerebellum, and corpus callosum in individuals with ADHD (Castellanos, 2002; Tomasi & Volkow, 2014).
Brain Communication Differences
The ADHD brain connects and communicates differently than neurotypical brains.
Studies continue to validate a theory of poor connectivity between different parts of the brain and along different communication routes, primarily what is referred to as “the default mode network” (DMN). Dysfunction in this network gets in the way of performance and effortful engagement in activities.
Several genes have been linked to ADHD, which is highly hereditable.
Various genes have been correlated with ADHD including dopamine receptor genes DRD4 and D2, as well as a dopamine transport gene (DAT1). Genes impacting serotonin activity may also play a role (Henriguez et al, 2008; Soo-Churi et al, 2012; Gizer et al 2008, Franke et al, 2010).
There is a great deal of evidence that AD/HD runs in families, which is suggestive of genetic factors. Recent studies suggest that anywhere from 40-60% of children of adults with ADHD will also have the condition (Biderman et al., 1992; Medine et al, 2003; Barkley, 2008).
I Use To Feel Like A Bad Mom
When you have a hyperactive child, getting phone calls from the school is not unusual. They would say things like,” Your child wasn’t very nice today,” She wouldn’t do any of her work,” She hit another child today.” So how are you suppose to feel. Before the diagnosis i thought maybe she was just acting out because her little sister was born, but when i had her first parent teacher conference and the knowledge that this was affecting her work and she could be held back–I knew i had to get help.
Some days are good some days are bad, but i refuse to put her on meds. That is not an option! ADHD is so common now that it is not unusual to find other moms with children that are suffering through the same thing–But these days people are not so friendly.
Thanks to GOD I realized that I am not a bad mother. We want the best for our children and when they hurt you hurt. I have adopted new ways, after lots of research to cope with a child with ADHD and how to structure my home for her to be a better individual.
Prayer is the key and patience is a must.